Migraine affects 90% of the world’s population, according to the WHO

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The disease is three times more common in women than in men

Migraine is a disease characterized by pain in only one side of the head, not the entire region as happens with other types of headaches. Caused by a chronic neurovascular disorder, it has incapacitating symptoms characterized by sharp, constant pulsating pain, usually accompanied by nausea.

It can also lead to moodiness, lack of energy and the inability to concentrate at work or in day-to-day activities. Since migraine sufferers are hypersensitive to light and noise, quite often the symptoms only ease when they isolate themselves in a darkened room.

It is estimated that one in every four women suffers from this disease. Among men, only 10% are affected. Specialists believe that the probable cause of this difference is hormone change. Men’s brains only produce testosterone. But women’s brains experience two changes every month.  For fifteen days it produces only estrogen, and during the other fifteen days, progesterone. This constant change affects the limbic system involving the emotions, the memory and substances that interfere in the production of sex hormones.

World Health Organization (WHO) data show that 90% of the world’s population suffers from migraine. It also points out that the disease may be due to diet, as some foods act as bolster or even act as the triggers for the onset of the crisis.

According to the WHO, those predisposed to migraine should avoid certain foodstuffs such as eggs, chocolate, acid fruits, wheat, peanuts, tomatoes and onions among others. Physical exercise also helps to prevent crises. This is so because by undertaking physical exercise, the body releases endorphin and serotonin, substances that bring well-being and help alleviate pain. But be warned: physicians do not recommend physical exercises during a migraine crisis.

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